Friday, February 24, 2017

NASA: A Human Adventure - The Exhibition (Part 2)

Due to the extensive amount of pictures and information, this article has been split into 3 parts. Link to part 1, here.

Part 4 - Endurance

Introduction to the Endurance Gallery. Below: NASA Mission Control
Endurance showcases the tools, artifacts, equipment and skills to survive in the hostile environment of space. This includes the spacecrafts, spacesuits and other artifacts involved in the Apollo moon missions.
1/72 scale models of American launch vehicles.
The Saturn IB, Saturn V and Space Shuttle Columbia Models up close.
Description of the models.
(Continued) Description of the models.
The above showcases the evolution of the American Launch Vehicles for space flights. From a V-2/A4 Missile initially developed as a weapon, to Project Mercury's Redstone and Atlas that helped achieve America's "firsts", Project Gemini Titan Rockets that facilitate with the US's first EVA to the Saturn V rockets which left earth's gravitational pull and launched astronauts towards the moon and the iconic Space Shuttle we all know and loved till its retirement.


Introduction to the Spacesuits gallery
From left to right: USAF K-1 suit, Mercury Mark IV suit and Gemini G4C suit.
From left to right: Apollo A7LB suit, A7LB suit cutaway and In-Flight Garment
Close up of John Young's Apollo In-Flight Garment.
Description of the suits above.
Description of the suits above.
Description of the suits above.
Some historic photos of the suits as worn by astronauts.
The spacesuits are a major component of space exploration as it helped protect astronauts from the harsh environments of space. The progression of the suits proceeded with the technological advancements and grew with the requirements of the missions themselves.

The Mercury Mark IV suit is designed to protect the astronaut in the event of a sudden depressurization of the cabin. Project Gemini's suit is designed for EVAs and the A7LB suits for Apollo missions for lunar EVAs.

Lunar Rovers

Mock ups of Lunokhod 2 (Left) and the Lunar Roving Vehicle (Right) 
Introduction to Lunar Rovers
Lunar Rovers on display here are US Apollo Lunar Roving Vehicle and the Soviet Lunokhod 2. Both rovers are important in the exploration of the Moon's surface, returning data back to Earth and extending the astronauts' range of the lunar surface.
Lunokhod 2 replica
Lunokhod 2 replica from the front.
Description of the Lunokhod 2
Lunokhod 2 was one of two rovers sent up to the Moon by the Soviets in 1973 after the Apollo moon landings. The primary objectives of the Lunokhod 2 mission were to collect images of the lunar surface, examine ambient light levels to determine the feasibility of astronomical observations from the Moon, perform laser ranging experiments from Earth, observe solar X-rays, measure local magnetic fields, and study the soil mechanics of the lunar surface material.
LRV replica viewed from the side
LRV replica
LRV replica up close.
Description on the Apollo LRV
Nicknamed the "Moon Buggy", the Apollo Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) was deployed on the last three missions of Apollo 15, 16 and 17 in 1971 and 1972. Developed by Boeing and General Motors, the battery powered rover was designed to carry two astronauts, equipment and lunar samples. With a maximum speed of 8 MPH (13 KMH) The rovers were designed for greater surface mobility and expanded the range of the astronauts.
Some of the items on display.
Apollo Moon Rock Case
Apollo Rock Collection Sack
Apollo Moon Boot
Description on the items above

Apollo Survival Kits

Introduction to Apollo Survival Kits
This section shows an Apollo Era survival kit that allowed Astronauts to breath in case of an emergency.
Apollo era Emergency Air Packs and Survival kit
Description on the items above

Apollo Photography Equipment

Photography equipment used during the Apollo era
Apollo TV Camera
Space flown film magazine
70mm Film Frames flown during Apollo 12
Description on the items above
Space flown photography equipment are shown as above. I could only imagine the kind of footage they may have took with today's digital photography equipment at their disposal.

Apollo Era Hygiene Kits

Apollo era Defecation Collection Kit and Shuttle era Diapers
Shuttle era Personal Hygiene Kit, Toothbrush and Hand Cream
Description on the items above

Apollo Life Support Systems

Embedded in their spacesuits "backpacks", these help Apollo astronauts breathe prior to launch and on the moon.
The Apollo life support systems on display 
Description of the Items Above
One of the vital components of the spacesuits, is the life support systems that help Apollo astronauts breathe in their spacesuits while dong EVAs on the lunar surface. Seen above are the Portable Life Support System and Personal Oxygen Ventilator.

Computer Parts and Other Hardware Flown on Apollo

Space flown hardware on the command module
Descriptions of the Items Above
Computer parts flown on Apollo
Descriptions of the Items Above
The above displayed actual space flown command module hardware and computer systems. From windows to circuit control panel covers tp flight control computers on the Saturn V rocket.

Space Food

American Apollo Era Space Food
One of my favorite and highlights of the exhibition. I was particularly interested in the space food being displayed, both Russian and American.
American Skylab Era Space Food
Russian Space Foods
A closer look of the Russian food tubes and vodka
Description of the Space Foods
The American and Russian space programs had a variety of space foods to choose from. Foods during the early Apollo missions are mostly canned. Skylab had foods packed in cans and plastic packaging. While Russian foods were packed in tubes and cans. The Russians also had vodka for special occasions.

The article will continue in Part 3. Stay tuned!